Cashmere fiber is obtained from the fur of a peculiar kind of goat, called Hyrcus Goat, raised in the high lands of countries as Turchia, India, and especially Mongolia. Mongolian's goat produces in fact the best quality Cashmere, recognizable for the high thickness and evennes of the fibers.
Hyrcus Goats to protecht themselves by the cold winter, has two layer of coat: the most superficial is composed by gross fur, usually cutted with scissors during the spring season by the shepherds. After this process, is possible to reach the underneath fur, a warm and soft fluff called "Duvet". This is the properly called Cashmere, collected by the shepherds with long teeth comb, fully respecting animals.
Obtained fur will be wash and any impurity will be carefully removed: during this process, used to purify in the best possible way the fiber, part of it will be lost. So, during a season is estimated that a goat can produces just 150-00 grams of usable fiber. An extra 10% of it will be lost during the spinning process.
Difference between Cashmere e Wool
Compared with Wool, also choosing an high quality Wool, Cashmere is more bright, shiny, soft and isothermal.
Analyzing it on the microscope, you can note how the Cashmere has less sharped scales than Wool, with smooth corners.
In addition, Cashmere i more lightweight to wear.
Maintenance e Washing
Cashmere can be wash by hand or in the washing machine. In both cases, you must use a a gentle soap for wool: in this manner you'll promote the cleaning process. If you are washing your product by hand, saok has to last few minutes and then pass to cleaning with cold water. In the same way, if you are using a washing machine, it's really important to select a short program ideal to wash delicate clothes, with a temperature never over 30 degrees (C°). It's really important to avoid the centrofuge.
Drying process must be done on a flat surface, without squeezing the product. When you'll pass it at the ironing process, you have to upset the garment and use a low temperature with the iron, to avoid damage the fiber.
It is advisable to do not wear your product for several consecutive days: cashmere is a natural fiber, so it's important to wait at least 24 hours before re-use it. In this way you can increase your product's life and avoid the typical pilling problem.
Pilling is a classic Cashmere problem, a natural event caused by rubbing and characterized by appearance of irregular dots on the garment's surface. This is not a marker of low quality, and it can be avoided with a carefully maintenance of your product.